An Improved Model for the Implementation of Web-Based Learning in Adult Secondary School Education in Kenya


  • Ms. Martha Muthoni Ng’ang’a MSc Student: School of Computing and Information Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology(JKUAT), P.O. Box 12102-20100, Nakuru, Kenya
  • Prof Stephen Kimani Professor: School of Computing and Information Technology (SCIT), Jomo Kenyatta University of, Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), P.O. Box 62000-00200, Nairobi, Kenya
  • Dr. Michael W. Kimwele Professor: School of Computing and Information Technology (SCIT), Jomo Kenyatta University of, Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT), P.O. Box 62000-00200, Nairobi, Kenya


Adult Learners, Model, Web Based Learning


The development of technology, which evolves continuously, has led to the transformation of traditional courses into web-based courses. However, as these e-learning systems grow more complex, involving numerous users with different levels of need, there is a need to have web-based learning models that adequately address such users’ needs, taking into consideration their levels of expertise, access and ability to interact with such systems. Most of the existing models present the adult learners with difficulties, as most of them have to concentrate mostly on learning the technology rather than learning the desired content. Most of the difficulties arise from the web-based learning model configurations in use in the country. The majority lack features and capabilities of highly interactive, fast-paced multimedia-supported learning currently demanded by most learners and tutors. Therefore, the main aim of this research was to devise an improved model for implementing a web-based learning programme in adult secondary school education. After analysing the existing models and establishing their operational challenges, an improved model was proposed. The proposed model was statistically tested using sample data. The results showed that recognizing both technological and user attributes along the recognized theoretical frameworks was important in increasing the users’ behavioural inclination to use the improved model.

Therefore, it is recommended that more sensitization to web-based learning should be implemented by the adult education department in the Ministry of Education among adult learners in the country. It is also recommended that system developers should find ways of incorporating additional features into the model without affecting its architecture and function. Finally, there is need for future studies on the causal antecedents of the constructs presented in this research model to provide more precise practical implications.


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How to Cite

Ng’ang’a, M. M. M. ., Kimani, P. S. ., & W. Kimwele, D. M. . (2020). An Improved Model for the Implementation of Web-Based Learning in Adult Secondary School Education in Kenya. International Journal of Computer (IJC), 38(1), 22–36. Retrieved from