Review on Blockchain Technology for Healthcare Records

Ekram Ahmed Ali Mirdah, Sokchoo Ng, Khiam Ping Chih


For a long time, the healthcare system has been facing many problems such as incomprehensible doctor’s hand-writing, problematic retrieval of patient information and patients are unable to monitor their own data. In addition to that, there are problems afflicting the medical record systems such as how to share the medical data for various purposes without risking data privacy and security. Due to technology advancements, it is now possible to improve the current situations and to minimise these problems by providing more personalised services to the patients. This paper explains the interesting area of blockchain in healthcare, evaluating the blockchain technology from the multiple perspectives around healthcare data and explaining some platforms which could be used for the blockchain system development. Finally, the challenges of implementing the blockchain technology are deliberated.  


Blockchain ; healthcare ; medical record; privacy; security.

Full Text:



. Crosby, M., Nachiappan Pattanayak, P., Verma, S. & Kalyanaraman, V. (2016). Blockchain technology: Beyond bitcoin. Applied Innovation Review, vol. 2, pp. 6–19.

. Swan, M. (2015). Blockchain: Blueprint for a new economy. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media.

. Mattila, J. (2016). The blockchain phenomenon – The disruptive potential of distributed consensus architectures. ETLA Working Paper, no. 38.

. Nakamoto, S. (2008). Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system.

. Ream. J., Chu, Y. & Schatsky, D. (2016). Upgrading blockchains: Smart contract use cases in industry. Deloitte Insights.

. Zheng, Z., Xie, S., Dai, H., Chen, X., & Wang, H. (2017). An overview of blockchain technology: Architecture, consensus, and future trends. In 2017 IEEE International Congress on Big Data (BigData Congress), pp. 557-564.

. Wood, G. (2014). Ethereum: A secure decentralised generalised transaction ledger. Ethereum project yellow paper, vol. 151, pp. 1-32.

. Christidis, K., & Devetsikiotis, M. (2016). Blockchains and smart contracts for the internet of things. Ieee Access, 4, 2292-2303.

. Ashish.2017.Know which blockchain or DLT platform works well within your usecase:- Comparison of different Blockchain.

. Randall, D., Goel, P. & Abujamra, R. (2017). Blockchain applications and use cases in health information technology. Journal of Health & Medical Informatics, vol. 8, no. 3.

. Angraal, S., Krumholz, H. M. & Schulz, W. L. (2017). Blockchain technology: applications in health care. Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, vol. 10, no. 9, e003800.

. Kish, L. J., & Topol, E. J. (2015). Unpatients—why patients should own their medical data. Nature biotechnology, vol. 33, no. 9, pp. 921.

. Ekblaw, A., Azaria, A., Halamka, J. D. & Lippman, A. (2016). A case study for blockchain in healthcare: “MedRec” prototype for electronic health records and medical research data. In Proceedings of 2nd IEEE conference on Open & Big data, vol. 13, p. 13.

. Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. (2015a). Version 1.0. Connecting Health and Care for the Nation: A shared nationwide interoperability roadmap.

. Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. (2015b). Report to Congress. Report on Health Information Blocking

. Schumacher, A. (2018). Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity: Challenges and Future Directions. In Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity, pp. 499-509.

. Deloitte. (2016). Blockchain: Opportunities for health care.

. Wheelahan.F (2017). Using blockchain to secure and share health data.Corrs Chambers Westgarth.

. Seppälä, J. (2016). The role of trust in understanding the effects of blockchain on business models.


  • There are currently no refbacks.





About IJC | Privacy PolicyTerms & Conditions | Contact Us | DisclaimerFAQs 

IJC is published by (GSSRR).