Automatic Plant Detection Using HOG and LBP Features With SVM
Plants play a vital role in the cycle of nature. Plants are the only organisms which produce food by converting light energy from the sun. They also help in maintaining oxygen balance on earth by emitting oxygen and taking carbon dioxide. They have plenty of use in medicine and industry. But plant species are vast in number. To identify this large number of existing plant species in the world is a tedious and time-consuming task for a human. Hence, an automatic plant identification tool is very useful even for experienced botanists to identify the vast number of plants. In this paper, we proposed a technique to identify the plant leaf images. For training and testing, we used a publicly available dataset called Flavia leaf dataset. Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG) and Local Binary Pattern (LBP) are used to extract features and multiclass Support Vector Machine (SVM) is applied to classify the leaf images. We observed that the accuracy of HOG+SVM with HOG feature extraction using cells size of 2 x 2, 4 x 4 and 8 x 8 are 77.5%, 81.25% and 85.31 respectively. The accuracy of LBP+ SVM is 40.6% and the combination of HOG and LBP based features with SVM achieved 91.25% accuracy. The experimental results indicate the effectiveness of HOG+LBP with SVM over HOG+SVM and LBP+SVM techniques.
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